Family Preference Petitions

First Preference (F1) – Unmarried Sons and Daughters of U.S. Citizen Parents

F-1 beneficiaries are unmarried sons and daughters of U.S. citizen parents who have reached 21. Beneficiaries under this category must wait for their priority date before proceeding to apply for adjustment of status if presently residing in the United States, or consular processing if still residing abroad.

Second Preference A (F2A) – Spouse and Unmarried Children Below 21 of Lawful Permanent Residents  

F-2A beneficiaries are the spouses and unmarried children, who are below 21, of lawful permanent resident petitioners.

Second Preference B (F2B) – Unmarried Sons and Daughters of Lawful Permanent Residents

F-2B beneficiaries are unmarried sons and daughters, who are at least 21 years of age, of lawful permanent residents.

Previous F-2B beneficiaries, whose petitioners have subsequently become naturalized U.S. citizens, are automatically reclassified as F-1 beneficiaries unless they opted and informed USCIS of their intention to remain in the F-2B category. This is a strategy that is available to F-2B beneficiaries (particularly those from the Philippines) whose priority dates can be reached sooner by remaining in the F-2B category.

Third Preference (F3) – Married Sons and Daughters of U.S. Citizen Parents 

F-3 beneficiaries are married children of U.S. citizens. The principal beneficiary may include his/her spouse and unmarried children below 21 to immigrate with or follow to join the principal beneficiary.

Fourth Preference (F4) – Siblings of U.S. Citizens

F-4 beneficiaries are siblings of U.S. citizens. The principal beneficiary may include his/her spouse and unmarried children below 21 to immigrate with or follow to join the principal beneficiary.